Botswana is one of the world's most exciting travel destinations
for exploring wildlife. It is landlocked by South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
and Namibia. The natural beauty of Botswana is found in its land formations,
its wilderness, wildlife and its cultural diversity. To travel Botswana
offers an unique experience in exploring wildlife, birds and game in its
Botswana straddles the Tropic of Capricorn in the centre
of the Southern African plateau between latitudes 17 and 27 and longitudes
20 and 30 east. It is bordered by South Africa in the south and southeast,
Zambia and Zimbabwe in the northeast, and Namibia in the north and west.
The land is flat, with gentle undulations and occasional rocky outcrops.
In the northwest, the Okavango River drains inland from Angola to
form the Okavango Delta. The Okavango Delta is one of the largest inland
deltas in the world. It provides sustenance to a rich profusion of
wildlife, and it is still in its natural state - unspoilt and unpolluted.
It attracts thousands of tourists throughout the year from all over the
world. In this Delta, dryland mingles with wetland.
It has marsh, river, grasslands, riverine forests of palms,
islands, flood plains and lagoons. In fact, the Okavango Delta is an Oasis
situated within the Kalahari Desert, and is part of the larger geographical
network which embraces Moremi Game Reserve, Chobe National Park, Makgadikgadi
and Nxai Pans and Mababe Depression.
In addition to this Delta, Botswana offers a number of
other exciting areas. In the central north-east is a large area of calcrete
plains bordering the Makgadikgadi Pans. In the east, adjacent to the Limpopo
drainage system, the land rises above 1.200 metres, and the Limpopo Valley
gradually descends from 900 metres in the south to 500 metres at its confluence
with the Shashe River.
Botswana is a very dry, semiarid land. The northern two-thirds of
the country lies within the tropics. Daytime temperatures of 27 degrees Celsius
may drop to below freezing point occasionally during the night.
The rainfall ranges from 600mm in the Northwest to 250mm in the southern
part. The rainfall is extremely unpredictable therefore there are frequent
Summer (September - April)
Frequent rain and thunderstorms; days and nights are very hot, but
cooling off after rain spells.
Winter (May - July)
Dry and cold days and nights especially in the
early hours of the morning.
Generally throughout the year casual comfortable clothes are worn,
blouses, shirts, shorts or light skirts are best. Some hotels in Gaborone do not
permit jeans although they are useful on safari. Jerseys and jackets are
necessary for winter mornings and evenings. Dull colours are more suitable on
safari, white is not practical. In winter, warmer clothing is needed and track
suits are very useful for sleeping in on safari. Comfortable shoes are
Visas are required by all nationals of foreign countries excluding
the following: All Commonwealth countries, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece., Iceland, Rep. of Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein,
Luxembourg, Namibia, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Samoa (Western), San Marino,
South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Uruguay and USA. Any visitor wishing to stay
more than 90 days will have to apply for prior permission to the Chief
Immigration Officer, PO Box 942, Gaborone, Botswana.
The following countries alhough Commonwealth countries do require visas:
Ghana, India, Mauritius, Nigeria and Sri Lanka.
Visa application forms are obtained from:
Immigration and Citizenship
P.O. Box 942, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3611-300/342
Fax: +267 352-996
Cars can be booked from anywhere in the world to be available on
arrival at Gahorone airport. Cars, trucks, minibuses and four – wheel drive
vehicles are also available, some with professional guides and drivers.
There are three vehicle – hire companies in Maun. Vehicles from
all three companies come with drivers for which there is no additional charge.
Prices, which vary, are available on request, but in all cases fuel costs are an
Consult a doctor at least 2 weeks prior to entering Botswana on
what precautions should he taken against malaria. There has been a dramatic
increase in the incidence of malaria infection amongst visitors and residents of
Botswana's malaria endemic areas. As a precaution boil or sterilize drinking
water outside of the main towns.
Botswana like other countries has been threatened by the Aids pandemic. However, the government has
put in place measures like the National Aids Control Program to help address the
many problems that this scourge has created. The general advice given by
Worldwide Aids awareness campaigns should be adhered to while in the
The unit of currency is the Pula. Notes are in P5, P10, P50 and
P100. Coins (Thebe) are in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, Pl &
The Visa, MasterCard, American Express and Dinners
Club are accepted as forms of payment, but only to a limited extent. Most hotels
and lodges accept major foreign currencies or traveller's cheques, but the
surcharge may be high. It is advisable to change money into local
Barclays Bank of Botswana, Standard Chartered Botswana Limited,
Stanbic, First National Bank of Botswana, Union Bank of Botswana and Zimbank of
Monday – Friday: 09h00 – 14h30
Wednesday: 08h00 – 12h00
Saturday: 08h00 – 10h45
Major hotels have foreign currency facilities and most shops,
lodges and travel agencies will accept travellers cheques.
English is the official language. Setswana is the local
Sunblock lotion, sunglasses, hats and insect repellents are
essential. Binoculars are an absolute must.